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To cut down a tree using a series of cuts (usually with a chainsaw) and procedures depending on the size, shape, location and lean of a tree.
Coppicing is a pruning technique used on a tree or shrub where it is cut to just above ground level. This is done in winter to encourage new vigorous growth for the following Spring.
Pollarding is a type of pruning that keeps trees and shrubs to a preferred size, normally smaller than they would grow naturally. It is normally started once a tree or shrub reaches a certain height and annual pollarding is required once the cycle has started to restrict the tree/plant to that height.
High/rope access is a primary means of being able to use a chainsaw at height. This allows the operator to safely conduct any chainsaw work in the crown of the tree. The use of ladders and chainsaws is not encouraged and can put the operator at high risk of injury or death!
The crown of the tree is the very top section and includes the limbs, branches, twigs and leaves. Crowns can be reduced by 10-30%, uplifted (lower branches removed) and thinned out to reduce the density of the tree's crown.
The main section that protrudes from the ground. This is the thickest section of the tree.
The limbs of a tree are the larger sections that grow out from the trunk.
Branches grow off the limbs and twigs grow off the branches. Essentially as the tree spreads out from the trunk the sections get smaller/thinner.
Hardwood is a high density lumber derived from deciduous trees that loose their leaves in Autumn and Winter such as Oak or Maple. Hard woods will burn at a much slower rate than softwood and keep a higher more constant temperature
Softwood is a low density lumber that is derived from coniferous or evergreen trees such as Pine or Redwood. When selecting wood to burn it is important to note that softwood's burn rate is much more rapid than hardwood.
Greenwood is lumber that has just been recently cut and not been allowed to season. Greenwood will be high in moisture (likely 100% moisture content) and therefore difficult to burn. Optimal burning moisture for logs should be 20% or below.
Pruning is a common tree maintenance procedure and can be done through out the year but for optimal results early Spring pruning is encouraged. The process involves cutting back branches usually to the next linear branch.